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Fine lines and wrinkles are a natural part of the ageing process.

As we get older, our skin gets thinner and drier, causing it to wrinkle and droop. The skin proteins collagen and elastin, which offer structural support to the skin, begin to deplete. This means both the strength and elasticity of the skin is reduced and it doesn’t retain its shape as easily as it once did.

As we age, our skin sustains damage from the sun’s harsh UV rays and environmental pollution. This contributes to both the appearance of wrinkles and lines and dull, tired-looking skin. In addition, genetics and lifestyle choices also play a significant role in skin ageing.

Although most people start to develop lines and wrinkles with age, there are many things you may do to fight and delay their formation and reduce their appearance to look and feel your best. While ageing is inevitable and a fact of life, looking your age is not! Here we discuss seven steps to fight lines and wrinkles without harsh chemicals, needles or surgery.

1. Protect your skin from the sun

According to the Mayo Clinic, exposure to UV radiation is the primary cause for premature wrinkling. Overexposure to sunlight, which is a major source for ultraviolet radiation, breaks down the connective tissue found deep within the dermis layer of the skin. As this supportive tissue consisting of collagen and elastin fibres diminishes, the skin sags and loses its firm appearance, forming wrinkles.

The best thing you can do to prevent wrinkles is to protect your skin from the sun’s harsh rays. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends using sun protection with an SPF of 30 or higher that protects from both UVA and UVB rays. Look for a water-resistant formulation and wear sun protection all year-round, even during the winter months and on days that are cloudy.

However, don’t rely on sun protection creams and lotions alone to protect your skin. Whenever possible, avoid direct sun exposure to your face by wearing a hat and sunglasses, and seek shade when spending time outdoors.

2. Exfoliate to refresh skin and promote collagen formation

Did you know your skin regenerates roughly every 28 days? As the cells within the top layer of your skin die, they’re replaced by new ones that make their way to the surface. Previously, we’ve discussed how exfoliation ensures that the dead skin cells are sloughed off and there is room made for new ones, but exfoliation may also play another very important role: it may increase collagen production, which helps promote skin elasticity and makes it more resilient to wrinkles and fine lines.

Dermatologists recommend people with normal or combination skin exfoliate about three times per week. People with oily skin may exfoliate up to five times per week, while those with dry or sensitive skin should exfoliate no more than once or twice per week.

Remember—when done correctly, exfoliation should not hurt, sting or leave your face beet red. Lightly massaging your facial skin with a washcloth or using a gentle exfoliating scrub will leave your skin looking healthy and glowing.

3. Moisturize

Moisturizing is an important step in your everyday skincare routine. Not only does it keep your skin hydrated and glowing, but it also helps reduce the appearance of wrinkles.

In a study published by the British Journal of Dermatology, researchers tracked the facial appearance of a group of women over eight years. For a 28-year-old woman with dry skin, the average amount of visible wrinkles increased by 52 percent over the eight-year period.  In comparison, for a woman with well-hydrated skin, the appearance of wrinkles increased by only 22 percent.

The researchers surmised that plump and well-moisturized skin was better able to bounce back from facial expressions. Further, expression lines were unlikely to deepen into more permanent wrinkles when skin was well moisturized.

Use a moisturizer that contains natural antioxidants and other potent yet gentle botanicals, which will help firm your skin, smooth fine lines and restore your skin’s radiance and glow.  

4. Eat foods that fight wrinkles

Having discussed a few ways, you can externally help your skin cells rejuvenate and stay hydrated, the next step focuses on internal strengthening of the cells itself. This is where your diet plays an important role.

Eat a nutritious diet that’s rich in skin-friendly polyphenols, which fight cell damage due to their antioxidant properties and also help decrease the appearance of visible signs of ageing. Here are some foods with high concentrations of polyphenols:

  1. Dark chocolate
  2. Red wine
  3. Walnuts
  4. Common beans (also known as green beans)
  5. Dark berries, specifically high bush blueberries, blackberries, strawberries and raspberries
  6. Artichoke
  7. Green tea

Try to incorporate more of these foods, as well as polyphenol-rich seasonings like cloves, star anise, ginger and cumin, into your diet for skin-smoothing benefits.

5. Take advantage of natural nutrients

Eating nutrient-rich foods is one way to harness their skin-related benefits, but you can also absorb Mother Nature’s wrinkle fighters topically!

Egg whites contain Vitamin E, which absorbs damaging energy from UV light. They also contain B Vitamins, which promote skin cell renewal. Create a DIY face mask by whisking several egg whites together in a bowl. Apply the mixture to your skin and allow it to absorb for about 15 minutes before rinsing clean with warm water. 

Olive oil is another superfood that works wonders when applied topically. It’s rich in antioxidants and acts as a natural moisturizer, too. Before bed, apply a few drops of high-quality olive oil to your face and neck and massage gently for a healthy glow. 

6. Avoid smoking and smoke exposure

Smoking is one of the worst things you can do for your skin. It’s right up there next to getting too much sun exposure. There is evidence that smoking is linked to premature wrinkling and this connection is well documented by many scientific studies.

Smoking leads to premature wrinkles in several different ways. First, the nicotine in cigarettes causes constriction of the blood vessels in the outermost layer of your skin, which reduces blood flow to the area. Decreased blood flow results in reduced oxygen supply to your skin and lowered delivery of essential nutrients like vitamin A that help fade away wrinkles.

Second, there are more than 4,000 different chemicals in tobacco smoke. Among several highly damaging effects on the body, these chemicals also contribute to the breakdown of collagen and elastin. Damaging these structural proteins leads to the loss of skin strength and elasticity, which, as we know, results in wrinkles and sagging skin.

Habitual smokers make certain facial expressions more frequently than non-smokers, like pursing their lips to inhale smoke and squinting their eyes to keep smoke out. These expressions also contribute to a greater number of wrinkles compared to non-smokers.

And just because you can’t see the damage to your skin from smoking yet doesn’t mean it’s not happening; one study found that smokers under 40 experienced a greater amount of microscopic superficial wrinkling compared to their non-smoking peers.

7. Use all-natural anti-ageing products

Take a step further to strengthen your defenses by using all-natural skincare products that are specifically formulated to fight wrinkles and fade lines.

Iryasa’s Ageless Beauty Gel is a blend of nourishing botanical extracts and essential oils designed to minimize the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and give your skin a healthy glow. Almond oil helps support a healthy moisture barrier, fortifies skin against dryness and reduces the appearance of wrinkles, while antioxidants like Vitamin C and Vitamin E neutralize skin-damaging free radicals that cause premature signs of ageing. These vitamins also protect the skin from environmental stressors like UV exposure and pollution, which, as we’ve discussed, can also contribute to fine lines and wrinkles.

By combining skin-friendly lifestyle choices with nutrient-rich natural remedies, you can smooth over wrinkles, fade the appearance of existing fine lines and help delay the formation of new ones. When you look your best, you feel your best, and we believe everyone deserves to feel the confidence that comes with having radiant, youthful-looking skin.